The requirement of coaching varies from person to person. If one is well acquainted with the basics, patterns, trends and nitty-gritties of the exam, one need not opt for any sort of coaching. But even in this case, IAS aspirant should subscribe to one or two mock test programmes, either in offline or in online mode.
A good coaching does put the student at slightly advantageous position in preparation, over the others. The preference of mode of coaching i.e., offline or online depends on various factors like affordability of cost of coaching, availability of qualitative coaching institutes in your location, employee- non employee, if employee, availability of time, timings of job, the kind of work and work pressure at your work place, Self-discipline, atmosphere at home for study, availability of study centers in locality, etc. There is a possibility for Offline coaching atmosphere to put the student slightly at a better position than online coaching atmosphere (Beware! There is also a chance for peer group demotivation, in offline mode). But, this can definitely be overcome by students of online coaching, through will power and determination and by forming peer groups of like-minded serious aspirants. Now-a-days, the difference between the two modes is very thin.
We continuously run a few programme for those who cannot afford the costs of coaching. Those who intend to prefer self-study, please refer our SELF STUDY STRATEGY.
You may subscribe to our ONE YEAR FREE ONLINE COURSE FOR PREIMS 2021 which includes video lectures and mock tests. To know more about ONE YEAR FREE ONLINE COURSE FOR PREIMS 2021, click here.
You may subscribe to our PRELIMS MOCK TEST SERIES – 2021. To know more about PRELIMS MOCK TEST SERIES – 2021, click here.
Under Article 320 of the Constitution of India, the Commission is, inter-alia, required to be consulted on all matters relating to recruitment to civil services and posts. The functions of the Commission under Article 320 of the Constitution are
1. Conduct examinations for appointment to the services of the Union.
2. Direct recruitment by selection through interviews.
3. Appointment of officers on promotion / deputation / absorption.
4. Framing and amendment of Recruitment Rules for various services and posts under the Government.
5. Disciplinary cases relating to different Civil Services.
6. Advising the Government on any matter referred to the Commission by the President of India.
AIS – The All India Services comprises the following three services;
IAS – Indian Administrative Service
IPS – Indian Police Service
IFoS – Indian Forest Service
To know more about AIS/IAS/IPS/IFoS, please refer a separate article THE ALL INDIA SERVICE under NOVICE GUIDE.
IFS – Indian Foreign Service.
As a career diplomat, the IFS Officer is required to project India’s interests, both at home and abroad on a wide variety of issues. These include bilateral political and economic cooperation, trade and investment promotion, cultural interaction, press and media liaison as well as a whole host of multilateral issues.
To know more about IFS, please refer a separate article INDIAN FOREIGN SERVICE under NOVICE GUIDE.
CSE – Civil Services examination is an exam conducted by the UPSC for selecting candidates for all India services and other allied services. It comprises three stages, namely, Prelims (Civil Services Preliminary Examination), Mains (Civil Services Mains Examination) and Interview/Personality Test. Generally, Prelims exam which is objective in nature, is conducted in the last week of May or in the first week of June, every year, in offline mode. Mains exam is conducted in the months of September or October, every year and it is descriptive in nature. Interviews are conducted in the months March, April and May in the following year and the final results are out generally before the Prelims exam. One year of examination process cycle and the competition gives rise to the widely held viewpoint that this exam is one of the toughest exams across the globe; and which is true to certain extent.
To know more about the structure, strategies, syllabus, please refer a separate article CSE under NOVICE GUIDE
IRMS - Indian Railway Management Service; To know more about IRMS, please refer a separate article THE INDIA RAILWAY MANAGEMENT SERVICE under NOVICE GUIDE section.
GS – General Studies; Please refer NOVICE GUIDE section for the syllabus, preparation, strategy and reference books of GS.
CSAT: Civil Services Aptitude Test. UPSC does not use the term CSAT officially under any of its notifications. However, generally CSAT is referred to paper II of CSE Prelims. Prelim consists of Paper I, which is GS and Paper II, which is CSAT.
To know more about CSAT, please refer a separate article CSAT under NOVICE GUIDE
We dealt this topic very clearly under the section of BEGINNER’S GUIDE. For detailed information on reference books please click here.
We highly recommend restricting the reference books to the minimum required. Instead of diversifying your time in reading too many reference books, you may utilize the same time in revising the essential books as many times as possible. For a few topics, you may have to refer various sources. Remember, you do get good material in the market, for those topics where you need to refer very many sources. The return on investment of your time/rate of return is very high in revising limited reference books in comparison to referring too many sources. However, you may solve as many questions as possible, as for as prelims is concerned, after completing your basics/fundamentals.
There is a prescribed syllabus by the UPSC for this exam. We wonder if any of the human beings ‘under the Sun’ are capable of learning everything under the Sun.
The syllabus is given below for your reference. Please refer Beginner’s Guide section regarding how to prepare and manage the vast syllabus.
SYLLABUS FOR PRELIMS PAPER I:
• Current events of National and International importance.
• History of India and Indian National Movement.
• Indian and World Geography – Physical, Social, Economic Geography of India and the World.
• Indian Polity and Governance – Constitution, Political System, Panchayat Raj, Public Policy, Rights Issues, etc.
• Economic and Social Development; Sustainable Development, Poverty, Inclusion, Demographics, Social Sector initiatives, etc.
• General issues on Environmental Ecology, Bio-diversity and Climate Change – that do not require subject specialization.
• General Science.
SYLLABUS FOR PRELIMS PAPER II:
• Interpersonal Skills including Communication Skills.
• Logical Reasoning and Analytical Ability.
• Decision-making and Problem-Solving.
• General Mental Ability.
• Basic Numeracy (numbers and their relations, orders of magnitude, etc.) (Class X level), Data Interpretation (charts, graphs, tables, data sufficiency etc. – Class X level).
SYLLABUS FOR MAINS PAPER I:
SYLLABUS FOR MAINS PAPER II: (GS-I)
• Indian Culture will cover the salient aspects of Art Forms, Literature and Architecture from Ancient to Modern times.
• Modern Indian History from about the middle of the eighteenth century until the present- significant events, personalities, issues.
• The Freedom Struggle – Its various stages and important contributors /contributions from different parts of the country.
• Post-Independence consolidation and reorganization within the country.
• History of the world will include events from 18th century such as Industrial Revolution, World Wars,
• Redrawal of national boundaries, colonization, decolonization, political philosophies like Communism,
• Capitalism, Socialism etc.- their forms and effect on the society.
• Salient features of Indian Society, Diversity of India.
• Role of women and women’s organization, population and associated issues, Poverty and Developmental issues, Urbanization, their problems and their remedies.
• Effects of Globalization on Indian society
• Social empowerment, Communalism, Regionalism & Secularism.
• Salient features of world’s Physical Geography.
• Distribution of key natural resources across the world (including South Asia and the Indian subcontinent);
• Factors responsible for the location of primary, secondary, and tertiary sector industries in various parts of the world (including India)
• Important Geophysical phenomena such as Earthquakes, Tsunami, Volcanic activity, Cyclone etc.,
• Geographical features and their location- Changes in critical geographical features (including Water Bodies and ice-caps) and in flora and fauna and the effects of such changes.
SYLLABUS FOR MAINS PAPER III: (GS-II)
• Indian Constitution- Historical underpinnings, evolution, features, amendments, significant provisions and basic structure.
• Functions and responsibilities of the Union and the States, issues and challenges pertaining to the federal structure, devolution of powers and finances up to local levels and challenges therein.
• Separation of powers between various organs, Dispute Redressal Mechanisms and Institutions.
• Comparison of the Indian constitutional scheme with that of other countries
• Parliament and State Legislatures – structure, functioning, conduct of business, powers & privileges and issues arising out of these.
• Structure, Organization and functioning of the Executive and the Judiciary Ministries and Departments of the Government; Pressure groups and formal/informal associations and their role in the Polity.
• Salient features of the Representation of People’s Act.
• Appointment to various Constitutional posts, powers, functions and responsibilities of various
• Statutory, regulatory and various quasi-judicial bodies
• Government policies and interventions for development in various sectors and issues arising out of their design and implementation.
• Development processes and the development industry- the role of NGOs, SHGs, various groups and associations, donors, charities, institutional and other stakeholders
• Welfare schemes for vulnerable sections of the population by the Centre and States and the
performance of these schemes; Mechanisms, laws, institutions and Bodies constituted for the
protection and betterment of these vulnerable sections.
• Issues relating to development and management of Social Sector/Services relating to Health,
Education, Human Resources.
• Issues relating to Poverty and Hunger.
• Important aspects of governance, transparency and accountability, E-governance- applications, models, successes, limitations, and potential; Citizens charters, transparency & accountability and institutional and other measures.
• Role of civil services in a Democracy.
• India and its neighborhood- relations.
• Bilateral, regional and global groupings and agreements involving India and/or affecting India’s
• Effect of policies and politics of developed and developing countries on India’s interests, Indian Diaspora.
• Important International institutions, agencies and their structure,
SYLLABUS FOR MAINS PAPER IV: (GS-III)
• Indian Economy and issues relating to Planning, mobilization of resources, Growth, Development and Employment.
• Inclusive growth and Issues arising from it.
• Government Budgeting.
• Major crops, Cropping patterns in various parts of the country, different types of irrigation and
irrigation systems storage, transport and marketing of agricultural produce and issues and related constraints; e-technology in the aid of farmers
• Issues related to direct and indirect farm subsidies and minimum support prices; Public Distribution System- objectives, functioning, limitations, revamping; issues of buffer stocks and food security; Technology missions; Economics of animal-rearing.
• Food processing and related industries in India- scope and significance, location, upstream and downstream requirements, supply chain management.
• Land reforms in India.
• Effects of liberalization on the economy, changes in industrial policy and their effects on Industrial Growth.
• Infrastructure: Energy, Ports, Roads, Airports, Railways etc.
• Investment models.
• Science and Technology- developments and their applications and effects in everyday life
• Achievements of Indians in science & technology; indigenization of technology and developing new technology.
• Awareness in the fields of IT, Space, Computers, robotics, nano-technology, bio-technology and issues relating to intellectual property rights.
• Conservation, Environmental Pollution and Degradation, environmental impact assessment
• Disaster and disaster management.
• Linkages between development and spread of extremism.
• Role of external state and non-state actors in creating challenges to internal security.
• Challenges to internal security through communication networks, role of media and social networking sites in internal security challenges, basics of cyber security; money-laundering and its prevention
• Security challenges and their management in border areas; linkages of organized crime with
• Various Security forces and agencies and their mandate
SYLLABUS FOR MAINS PAPER V: (GS-IV)
• Ethics and Human Interface: Essence, determinants and consequences of Ethics in human actions; dimensions of ethics; Ethics in private and public relationships. Human Values – lessons from the lives and teachings of great leaders, reformers and administrators; role of family, society and educational institutions in inculcating values.
• Attitude: content, structure, function; Its influence and relation with thought and behaviour; moral and political attitudes; social influence and persuasion.
• Aptitude and foundational values for Civil Service , integrity, impartiality and non-partisanship,
objectivity, dedication to public service, empathy, tolerance and compassion towards the weaker sections.
• Emotional intelligence-concepts, and their utilities and application in Administration and Governance.
• Contributions of moral thinkers and philosophers from India and world.
• Public/Civil service values and Ethics in Public administration: Status and problems; Ethical concerns and dilemmas in government and private institutions; laws, rules, regulations and conscience as sources of ethical guidance; accountability and ethical governance; strengthening of ethical and moral values in governance; ethical issues in international relations and funding; corporate governance.
• Probity in Governance: Concept of public service; Philosophical basis of governance and probity; Information sharing and transparency in government, Right to Information, Codes of Ethics, Codes of Conduct, Citizen’s Charters, Work culture, Quality of service delivery, Utilization of public funds, challenges of corruption.
• Case Studies on above Issues.